Finnischer Spitz

Geschichte

Der finnische Spitz entstand vor einigen hundert Jahren in Finnland. Die Rasse war völlig reinrassig, wegen der Isolation vom Rest der Welt. Dies änderte sich in den 1800er Jahren, als Reisende Hunde mitgebracht haben. Die daraus resultierende Kreuzung mit diesen neuen Hunden löschte den reinrassigen Spitz fast aus. Bis ein finnischer Sportler die Rasse bemerkte und einige Anstrengungen unternahm, um ihre Zahlen wieder zu erhöhen. Er wird als "Zeiger" klassifiziert; das heißt, er bellte die Beute an, um die Jäger wissen zu lassen, wo sie ist. Besonders gut sind sie bei Jagdvögeln, wie dem Auerhuhn und Eichhörnchen und beim Lokalisieren größeren Spiels wie Elch oder sogar Bären. Die Rasse ist der Nationalhund Finnlands.

Verhalten

The Finnish Spitz, or Finkie, is an active, playful yet sensitive breed. They are very good with children, but if the play becomes too much, they will just walk away. They are usually fine with other pets and dogs within the home, but males can be aggressive towards strange dogs. They are aloof and suspicious of strangers, but early socialisation can over come this. They are alert and will always let you know when someone is at the door. Due to their breeding as a hunting dog, one of the greatest gifts the breed owns is their voice and they like to use it. They will bark a lot. It's fun for them, so you need to practise early on to stop this behaviour. Finkies can be trained, but are stubborn and get bored easily. You need to be patient with them and try a variety of training techniques to stop them shutting down and looking the other way. They are quite strong willed and will want their own way a lot of the time, so you need to be consistent with training. They like people, so making training a family affair might work. They need a soft hand and calm air to get the best out of them, they don't respond well to harsh treatment, so praise and reward based training is best suited to the breed. They need quite a lot of exercise, at least one long walk a day, preferably two. As a hunting breed, it is likely that they will dash off as soon as they are let off the lead, so a safe area or lead walk is advisable. Once they've had a decent walk, they will want to curl up on the sofa next to you and sleep.

The FInnish Spitz has a double coat that needs brushing a few times a week to keep it free from matting. The breed generally has very little odour and is very clean. They suffer few ailments and are classed as a healthy breed.

Charakter

The Finnish Spitz has a lively and inquisitive temperament. Loving to play and run this breed requires a decent amount of exercise daily in order to prevent boredom and destructive tendencies.

This is a noisy breed of dog that will bark more than most. This does however make them very good watchdogs. To help them become well rounded and not a ''one person dog'' it is important that they are socialised with plenty of other dogs and people in early puppyhood.

Gesundheitliche Probleme

Health problems that may affect the Finnish Spitz include canine hip dysplasia (CHD), elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation (dislocation of the kneecap) and epilepsy.

Einzelheiten zur Rasse

  • Status: Common
  • Lebenserwartung: 12 - 14 years
  • Gewicht: 11 - 14 kg
  • Höhe: 16 - 20"
  • Selten: Nein
  • Fell: Mittel
  • Pflegeanforderungen: Mehr als einmal pro Woche
  • Stadt oder Land: Land
  • Mindestanforderungen an Umgebung: Kleines Haus
  • Mindestanforderungen an Garten: Kleiner bis mittelgroßer Garten
  • Rassetyp: Laufhund
  • Größe: Mittel
  • Energieniveau: Mittel
  • Benötigte Bewegung: Bis zu einer Stunde

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